Throughout history, people have always been interested in maps and their creation process. The Turkish cartographer Piri Reis created his own map of the world in 1513, a historical artifact that is essential when it comes to orientation these days. With its detailed information, mysteries and impressive representations, the Piri Reis map has intrigued many scholars and cartographers with the graphic display of Antarctica many centuries before it was explored in the 19th century.
Discovered in 1929 in the popular Istanbul, this map is the mixture of geography, history legends and Renaissance maritime science for the creation of a world graphic representation. It is an important because it is one of the few world maps that have survived from the Age of Explorations, shows the discovered regions of the New World, it contains some drawings that were present in Columbus’ map and it records concepts of the geography around that time.
From exotic people, resources to animals, maritime activities in the Indian Ocean and traditions inscriptions, the Ottoman admiral provides the world with an insight into how the maps were developed in that significant period. Not only is this relic essential for its geographical details, but the map captivates the attention of academics because it includes some facts that no one in Europe could have known at that time and further confirms the existence of an ancient advanced civilization.
Another reason this map is valuable is due to its precise illustrations of the coastlines of South America and Africa with incredible longitude accuracy that was only reproduced in 1790 with the new navigation discoveries. More than a regular map, Piri Reis’s work is a wonderful icon and a foundation pillar for the modern day cartography that helps people with orientation because the maps everyone knows of today are the result of the brilliancy of scientists like Piri Reis.
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